WORLD HABITAT DAY

World Habitat Day was first declared by the United Nations General Assembly in the month of December in the year 1985. World Habitat Day is celebrated every year throughout the world on first Monday of October month. World Habitat Day 2016 would be celebrated on Monday, on 3rd of October.

On 16th September, the Habitat III Secretariat, announced that Governments have agreed to the draft New Urban Agenda. The draft is expected to be adopted at the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development taking place in Quito, Ecuador, from 17 – 20 October 2016. The New Urban Agenda sets the framework for global efforts towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal 11 – Making cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable – as well as other SDGs in urban areas. Stakeholders and observers agree that the adoption of the draft will be a milestone in the history of human settlements all over the world.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. All countries and stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, are starting to implement this plan. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets, which are integrated and indivisible, demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda, which balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social and environmental.

This Agenda also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. It is recognise that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. All countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will implement this plan. It is resolved to free the human race from the tyranny of poverty and want and to heal and secure the planet. This Agenda is determined to take bold and transformative steps which are urgently needed to shift the world onto a sustainable and resilient path. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169 targets demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda.

Stand Alone Goal On Cities – Goal 11 “Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”


The Goals and targets will stimulate action over the next fifteen years in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet: 

Key business themes addressed by this SDG

  •           Access to affordable housing
  •           Infrastructure investments
  •           Sustainable transportation
  •           Access to public spaces
  •          Sustainable buildings 

The SDG targets for Goal 11

11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services, and upgrade slums.

11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons. 

11.3 By 2030 enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacities for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries. 

11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage. 

11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of affected people and decrease by y% the economic losses relative to GDP caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with the focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations. 

11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality, municipal and other waste management. 

11.7 By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, particularly for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities. 

11. a Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning. 

11.b By 2020, increase by x% the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, develop and implement in line with the forthcoming Hyogo Framework holistic disaster risk management at all levels. 

11.c Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, for sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials.

 

Around one third of SDGs indicators have an urban component:

 

From the Global Monitoring Framework adopted by the Statistical Commission (231 indicators), it is estimated that around one third of them can be measured at the local level, having a direct connection to urban policies, and a clear impact on cities and human settlements. The effective implementation of the 2030 Development Agenda and the monitoring and reporting of the related indicators require better articulation of Goal 11 with other SDGs indicators that have an urban component.

The high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda was held from 25 to 27 September 2015, in New York, during the United Nations summit. The new Goals and targets came into effect on 1 January 2016, and are guiding the decisions over the next fifteen years. All countries are working to implement the Agenda at the regional and global levels, taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development, including national policies and priorities.

Governments also acknowledge the importance of the regional and sub-regional dimensions, regional economic integration and interconnectivity in sustainable development. Regional and sub-regional frameworks can facilitate the effective translation of sustainable development policies into concrete action at the national level. The General Assembly Resolution proposed the development of a global indicator framework for the approved Goals and Targets, and commissioned the Inter-Agency Expert Group meeting (IAEG) to undertake this endeavors.


http://unhabitat.org/

http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals.html

http://unhabitat.org/un-habitat-for-the-sustainable-development-goals/

http://unhabitat.org/draft-new-urban-agenda-approved/

http://unhabitat.org/brazil/

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion

http://sdgcompass.org/wp-content